Lexicon:Choler, choleric

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Term: choler, choleric
References: Master and Commander, page 181
HMS Surprise, page 194
The Ionian Mission, page 292
The Nutmeg of Consolation, page 237
Blue at the Mizzen, page 138
Meaning: Irritation of the passions; anger; wrath. According to ancient physiological theory, there are four principal humours or fluids in the body — phlegm, blood, choler or yellow bile, and black bile. Whenever any one of these predominates it determines the temper of the mind and body; hence the expressions sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, and melancholic humours. Choler was believed to be the source of irascibility.

Additional information

Maturin's Medicine — This article is based on information from Maturin's Medicine, compiled and edited by Kerry Webb, with the help of a number of contributors.

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